Province of Chieti, Abruzzo, Italy
Hometown of Nicola da Guardiagrele, unsurpassed master of abruzzo jeweller's art, and "capital" of copper and wrought-iron crafts, this centre has also become universally famous as the "noble stone city" in D'Annunzio poem "Trionfo della morte". When you first arrive, you're welcomed by the sight of the Majella on the horizon, and the hills and calanques around. Inside the town traces of a rich past appear from walls and common houses.
Altitude: 580 m a.s.l
-- Distance from Chieti: 28 km
-- Population: ca. 9500 inhabitants in 2010
-- Zip code: 65014
-- Phone Area Code: 0871
-- Frazioni: Anello, Bocca di Valle, Caporosso, Caprafico, Cerchiara, Colle Barone, Colle Luna, Colle Spedale, Comino, Melone, Piana San Bartolomeo, Piano delle Fonti, San Biase, San Domenico, Colle Bianco, San Leonardo, Santa Lucia, Sciorilli, Tiballo, Villa San Vincenzo, Voire
-- How to reach it: road: SS 81 from Chieti, SS 84 from Lanciano;
motorway: A25 exit Chieti, A14 exit Val di Sangro
A necropolis nearby show that the area was inhabited since prehistoric times, and there are also preroman and Roman remains in nearby Comino, where tombs continue to be found: in the year 2001 the 39th tomb, dated 6th century BC, contained the skeleton of a young girl, with bronze rings and pendants and a ceramic pot. In 1999 a 3000-year-old warrior was found, with a 60-cm long bronze sword with a decorated sheath, a fibula, a razor and four pots. A regional museum will possibly be established to contain the many findings at the nearby Comino necropolis dating from the 8th to the 3rd century B.C. The museum will be hosted in the chambers of the former cloister of San Francesco on a surface of over 400 square metres.
In the 8th century AD a Benedectine monastery rose in the area, and the Lombards built a citadel just above the ancestral settlement. In the 12th century a medieval citadel was flourishing under the name of Greellem. According to one of Abruzzo historian Lodovico Antinori, in the 13th century Guardiagrele was already a land of goldsmiths, and in a manuscript of 1324 prince Ursino gave permission to Luigi Ianuti to establish a corporation of 72 artisans which was called "Schola" from which term probably the frequent surname "Scioli" and its variations may have originated. In the 14th century the town also had its own mint.
It enjoyed great fortune thanks to its boundary location between the territory of the Marrucini with capital Chieti and that of the Frentani with capital Lanciano; Guardiagrele was a market centre where peasants, cattle-breeders and farmers came to sell their produce and to buy tools for their work and homes. Apart from Nicola da Guardiagrele this special town gave birth to many more famous figures, such as poet Modesto Della Porta.
Nicola from Guardiagrele
Nicola da Guardiagrele (b c. 1395; d before 1462) - Abruzzo most celebrated goldsmith, was active in Guardiagrele, possibly trained in the workshop of his father, Andrea Gallucci, who was also a goldsmith and sculptor. Some of his works reflect Tuscan influence, in particular that of Lorenzo Ghiberti. This is apparent in the cross (1431; Guardiagrele, S Maria Maggiore) unfortunately stolen and dismembered - pieces have since been recovered but the largest part of the cross is missing.
Another great work is the altar piece called "Paliotto" (1448; Teramo Cathedral) with scenes from the Life of Christ. The Annunciation (Florence, Bargello) attributed to Nicola and his bust of St. Giustino (Chieti Cathedral) are examples of Nicola's activity as a goldsmith-sculptor, but he is most famous for his processional crosses. They are made of silver sheets that are chased, embossed and attached to a wooden support, often decorated along the edges with small copper balls. The figures are sometimes very complex, and characterized by a great variety of execution, as for example the Christ on the cross in L'Aquila (Museo Nazionale d'Abruzzo) and the finely carved figures of the gilded silver cross in St John in Laterano (Rome).
Points of Interest
- Church of Santa Maria Maggiore: The asymmetrical facade in Majella stone is divided into three levels with a portal, a huge window in the middle section and a rose window in the top. The belltower dates back to the XIII century, and is one of the oldest in Abruzzo. The interior is Baroque, and comprises a Museum of Sacred History, with the remains of the celebrated silver cross by Nicola da Guardiagrele, dismembered and stolen in 1979.
- Church of San Francesco, with a fine 14th-century sarcophagus
- Tomb of war hero Andrea Bafile, at the end of Bocca di Valle, decorated with ceramics works by Basilio and Tommaso Cascella
See other Provinces of Abruzzo: Chieti | L'Aquila
Hotels, Lodging, Restaurants
- Hotel Villa Maiella
- Other Hotels
- Ristorante Ta Pu, v. Modesto della Porta 34, 66010 Guardiagrele (CH) - tel. (+39) 0871 83140
Events & Festivities
- July: Majella Festival
- August: Market fair of abruzzo craftswork
- Every 25 years the remains of patron san Nicola Greco, kept in Guardiagrele since 7 august 1338, leave the church of San Francesco for the Jubilee. For the occasion the balconies of via della Penna are embellished with croquet and embroidered blankets. The last Jubilee was in the year 2000.
- Every year the Premio Della Porta is awarded to dialect poetry in memory of the greatest Abruzzese vernacular poet, guardiese Modesto della Porta.
Genealogy, News & Links
- Images of Guardiagrele
- Comune di Guardiagrele official website
- Municipio, p. S.Francesco - tel. (+39) 0871 83445
- Parrocchia S. Giuseppe Artigiano, loc. Comino - tel. (+39)0871 808004
- Parrocchia S. Silvestro Papa, villa San Vincenzo - tel. (+39)0871 893137
- Parrocchia S. Maria Maggiore, p.S. Maria Maggiore - tel. (+39)0871 82117
- Surnames presently recorded in Guardiagrele
- People researching in Guardiagrele
- Newspaper articles on Guardiagrele
Traditional dishes of the guardiese tradition are soups with Majella herbs and farro, "tranette" with lard, lamb with spice, lettuce and zucchini, ricotta and honey cake, apples and melon for fruit, the typical pastry called "tre monti" and the braciole.
The "Sise delle Monache"
, available in the two pastry shops along via Roma, a special cake with three points, also called "Tre Monti", whose recipe is still a secret; but also other cakes as torroni and the candied fruits, maritozzi, "sospiri" (sighs), salted cookies called "pasticcie", fiadoncini made with cheese and eggs, or "strozzacavalli" to accompany with a good Montepulciano wine.
In the butcher's shops are available the famous "braciole" made with horse meat, kind of meatballs with chili pepper cooked in earthenware pans; great fresh and seasoned salsicce of meat and liver and the "mattarelli" or "salsicce di panza" cprepared with pork stomachs of the pigs. And still the delicious "scamorze", valuable honeys, Caprafico lentils, extravirgin olive oil of the "genteel" variety, aromatic herb, and Montepulciano wines of Crognaleto.